Distribución potencial de los ungulados silvestres en la Reserva de Biosfera de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán, México

Andrea I. Ortíz-García, Michelle I. Ramos-Robles, Luz A. Pérez-Solano, Salvador Mandujano

Resumen


The Tehuacán-Cuicatlán Biosphere Reserve (TCBR), located between the states of Oaxaca and Puebla, is characterized by its high biological, geological and cultural diversity, as well as a high percentage of endemic species. In this site is inhabit by the collared peccary Pecari tajacu, red brocket deer Mazama temama and white-tailed deer Odocoileus virginianus, which are widely used by rural communities. However, more information is required for their sustainable management. The aim of this study was to estimate the potential distribution of these species in the TCBR. Data of species presence and 28 layers of environmental information were used to model the potential distribution through the Maximum Entropy (MaxEnt) algorithm. Considering a total area of 4, 906 km2 for TCBR, the potential distribution of collared peccary, red brocket deer and white-tailed deer, were estimated at 78%, 3% and 92% respectively. Seven variables explained the distribution of the three species. The results suggest that the environmental characteristics of the TCRB offer better conditions for the presence of white-tailed deer and collared peccary, while for the red brocket, the conditions are marginal. We discuss some possible implications for the management of these ungulates according to ecological, social and cultural needs of the region.


Palabras clave


ecological niche modeling; conservation; white-tailed deer; collared peccary; red brocket deer

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FACTOR DE IMPACTO 2020 (SCOPUS): 1.2


THERYA es publicada por la Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología A. C.  Se distribuye bajo una Licencia de Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

DERECHOS DE AUTOR Y DERECHOS CONEXOS, THERYA es una publicación digital cuatrimestral editada por la Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología A. C.  Hacienda Vista Hermosa 107, Colonia Villa Quietud, Coyoacan 04960.  Distrito Federal, México.  Telefono (612) 123-8486, www.mastozoologiamexicana.org.  Editor responsable: Dr. Sergio Ticul Álvarez Castañeda (therya@cibnor.mx).  Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2009-112812171700-102, ISSN: 2007-3364 ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional de Derechos de Autor.  Responsable de la última actualización de este número, Unidad de informática de la Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología A. C.  Dr. Sergio Ticul Álvarez Castañeda.  Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195.  La Paz, Baja California Sur, C. P. 23096.  Tel 612 123 8486.