Evaluación estacional de fitoestrógenos en heces de machos del murciélago frutero jamaiquino (Artibeus jamaicensis Leich, 1821).

Arturo Salame-Méndez, Alondra Castro Campillo, Karina Olvera-Olvera, Héctor Serrano, Fernando Huerta-García, Juan José Esquivel-Florencio, Jorge Haro-Castellanos, Miguel Angel Briones-Salas, José Ramírez–Pulido, José Luís Gómez-Olivares, María Dolores García-Suárez

Resumen


Artibeus jamaicensis Leich, 1821, obtains its basic energetic requirements to survive and to reproduce from fruits and leaves, even though some of them may contain harmful phytochemicals that could act as estrogens (phytoestrogens, PTE); thus provoking endocrine disruption in its reproductive physiology. PTE derive from isoflavones, lignans, and coumestans, phenolic fluorescent compounds that can be detected through thin layer chromatography. Here we evaluate the presence of these three groups in the feces of adult males of A. jamaicensis, by means of representative analites (genistein, GEN; zearalenone, ZEA; coumestrol, COU, respectively) in order to verify: a) which analites were present, and b) whether they had a temporal pattern or they remained constant along the year. We further examined if we could qualitatively link temporal patterns of phytochemicals with the reproductive activity of males, using the position of their testes. Although we detected neither presence of GEN, ZEA or COU, we did observed stains from unknown phytochemical fluorescent compounds (UPFC), according to annual seasons and to pluvial regimen, as well as to the position of the testes. The finding of these UPFC, together with its temporal coincidence with the reproductive activity of males, elicits more questions about the possible influence that these substances could have on the reproductive activity of A. jamaicensis.


Palabras clave


Artibeus; endocrine disruption; feces; frugivory; phytoestrogens; reproduction; testes

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THERYA es publicada por la Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología A. C.  Se distribuye bajo una Licencia de Creative Commons Atribución-NoComercial-SinDerivar 4.0 Internacional.

DERECHOS DE AUTOR Y DERECHOS CONEXOS, THERYA es una publicación digital cuatrimestral editada por la Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología A. C.  Hacienda Vista Hermosa 107, Colonia Villa Quietud, Coyoacan 04960.  Distrito Federal, México.  Telefono (612) 123-8486, www.mastozoologiamexicana.org.  Editor responsable: Dr. Sergio Ticul Álvarez Castañeda (therya@cibnor.mx).  Reservas de Derechos al Uso Exclusivo No. 04-2009-112812171700-102, ISSN: 2007-3364 ambos otorgados por el Instituto Nacional de Derechos de Autor.  Responsable de la última actualización de este número, Unidad de informática de la Asociación Mexicana de Mastozoología A. C.  Dr. Sergio Ticul Álvarez Castañeda.  Instituto Politécnico Nacional 195.  La Paz, Baja California Sur, C. P. 23096.  Tel 612 123 8486.